• Ethnographic, scientific and technical knowledge Ethnographic, scientific and technical knowledge

    In 1869 Archduke Ludwig Salvator of Habsburg-Lorraine and Bourbon of Austria (Florence, 1847 - Prague, 1915) arrived in Mallorca, becoming known locally as s´Arxiduc. He was so captivated by the beauty of the north coast that in 1872 he purchased Miramar and gradually acquired most of the estates located between Valldemossa and Deià. He had the spirit of a traveller and a scientist, and was a great nature lover too, building paths and vantage points on these estates. Over the follo [...]

    Read more »



Traditional know-how and techniques


Villages and towns, estates and paths in the Tramuntana were opportunities for communication and the interchange of products, ideas and knowledge.

One of the most valuable treasures of the Tramuntana areas is its dry-stone construction work. This building technique, used since time immemorial, is clearly linked to a group of local craftsmen, who over the centuries have passed on their techniques, materials, learning processes and specialist vocabulary to extend areas of farmland, improve harvests, prevent damage and utilize the water this area receives in such an irregular fashion.

The inhabitants of the Tramuntana area also benefited from an extensive cultural background - transmitted orally from generation to generation and enriched through experience and collaboration - relating to agricultural and livestock processes and techniques, as well as knowledge of how to use natural resources (wood, snow, charcoal, lime, game, fishing and sailing, gathering resources, minerals, and stone). Processing techniques (salting, drying, storage) were also transmitted in a fundamentally oral manner, as were agricultural processing methods in oil mills, other mills, and wineries, together with knowledge of the medicinal properties of plants.

Regrettably, the decline of farming and the disappearance of the last labourers who carried out these tasks threaten to relegate this extensive area of age-old knowledge to obscurity. It is essential that it be preserved and documented so that it can be made known to future generations.